What is the best way to design a database: What are the four stages of designing a database

Posted by Damian Roberti on

What is the best way to design a database: What are the four stages of designing a database



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What are the four stages of designing a database

Database Design Guidelines
Before defining even a single field on a project, it is important to read over these ten best practices for database design. If followed, they can considerably simplify the process of software development.

1. When making plans, make sure to take into account every angle.
Do not begin the development of a database before consulting with the person who is sponsoring the project as well as any other stakeholders.
Get everyone to agree on what the precise expectations are, and think about how difficult it will be to teach people how to use the search functions.





What are the four stages of designing a database

2. Decide Which Kind Of Database You Want To Use, What are the four stages of designing a database
The decision between SQL and NoSQL databases may often be summed up as follows: (though there are more specific types that may be appropriate for some projects).




What is the best way to design a database

When the integrity of the data is of the utmost importance, the standard for structured data is SQL databases.

The requirements for speed, scalability, and flexibility that NoSQL databases must achieve are better suited to the requirements of more recent technologies such as machine learning and the Internet of Things (IoT).
The NoSQL foundation allows for much improved performance across the board for a wide variety of database types, including social networks, online analytics, and many others.
Make a decision as quickly as you possibly can.





3. Standardize Your Data, What is the best way to design a database
In point of fact, the vast majority of organizations in operation today do so inside a hybrid environment, which consists of SQL and NoSQL databases working together in complex configurations.

When dealing with such a complicated structure, it is very necessary to normalize the data in order to achieve the lowest possible level of redundancy.
After deleting characteristics with duplicate values and those that have multiple values, start with the subkeys.





What is the best way to design a database

4. Create Transparent Structures, What is the best way to design a database
Always keep the end users of the database in mind when designing it; after all, they are the ones who will be using it.

Steer clear of employing acronyms, abbreviations, and plurals in your writing. Maintain a consistent adherence to the name conventions.

Don't reinvent the wheel or make things difficult for those who may need to change the database at some point in the future since you can be sure that this will happen.
5. Establish Restrictions in Order to Safeguard the Integrity of the Data
Think about all of the different options you have for enforcing company policies, such as using a foreign key, check, not null, and others like them.
The application will be able to prevent the entry of some of the corrupt data, but not all of it.





What is the best way to design a database
6. Make sure to keep track of every single detail.
In spite of the fact that it may appear to be more tiresome, documentation is just as vital as main keys.

Be careful to give an accurate description of the architecture, as well as the entity-relationship schemas and triggers, so that you can help out future users.

What is the best way to design a database

7. Include more time for backups in the build.
Before you get too far into the planning process, you should give some thought to what occurs when a natural or man-made disaster.

Develop a strategy for the database's replication, failover clustering, automatic backups, and any other processes that are necessary to preserve the database's structural integrity.
What is the best way to design a database
It has been said that one should "prepare and prevent" rather than "fix and repent."

8. Prioritize privacy
The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) heralds the beginning of an era in which worries regarding individuals' privacy will be increasingly prevalent.





Encryption of passwords and training in privacy protection for administrators are both mandatory requirements. Credentials should also be able to be independently verified.

Keeping the database as closed as possible is a recommended best practice for maintaining data security, despite the fact that office politics might make it challenging to adhere to this rule.
Vulnerabilities have an effect on the data integrity, which in turn has an effect on everything else in the firm.





What is the best way to design a database

What is the best way to design a database

9. Make the Pace Faster
Make sure to construct indexes for any queries that are going to be run frequently. Utilizing a database analyzer will allow you to determine whether or not an index or a clustered index is required.

Consider incorporating tools like Elastisearch in order to speed up the searching process.

10. Always keep the Database on its Own Independent Server
Transferring the database to a different server than the web can help reduce the amount of CPU time that is being used.

In addition to saving up computational resources, this helps to ensure that the database does not fall into the hands of unauthorized individuals.





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